france burgundy

The prevailing winds in Burgundy are southerly (hot), south-west (wet), north-west (mixed) and north-east (cool, dry).

The underlying geological formation in Burgundy is clay-limestone from the Jurassic era. There are many different types - bathonian, bajocian, oolitic, kimmeridgian, portlandian and each  has its own characteristics. The endless variations possible between the type of underlying rock, the nature of the topsoil, drainage, slope, aspect to the sun etc. account for the myriad differing characteristics of the various vineyards.

The principal grapes are Chardonnay for white and Pinot Noir for red.

Viticultural Burgundy covers five regions in three departments:

  • Chablis & the Auxerrois - Yonne
  • Côte de Nuits - Côte d'Or
  • Côte de Beaune - Côte d'Or
  • Côte Chalonnaise - Saone-et-Loire
  • Maconnais - Saone-et-Loire

Total production from 26,500 hectares of vines is 1.5m hectolitres, which equates to 200 million bottles of wine. Production is two thirds white wine to one third red wine.

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